Homosexuality: same sex parenting
The Biblical model for the family unit consists of a man and a wife who are married bringing up their own biological children. Research evidence confirms that this is the best environment for raising children.
Increasingly, homosexual groups are lobbying governments to pass legislation that endorses their relationships and allows adoption and IVF for same-sex couples. They quote 'research studies' to verify their claim that parenting by homosexual couples is equal to parenting by heterosexual couples.
Personal stories from people raised by homosexuals also tell an important story about same-sex parenting...
Dawn Stefanowicz has written Out From Under: The Impact of Homosexual Parenting. She describes the negative effects from being raised by a homosexual father - his partners, the violence, the disease, the sex. Visit her website for more information. Bill Muehlenberg has written a review of her book.
In 2012, following the publication of Mark Regnerus' study, Robert Lopez spoke out about the problems he experienced from being raised by two mothers...
Growing Up With Two Moms: The Untold Children’s View - - August 6, 2012. Posted on 'The Public Discourse'
"The children of same-sex couples have a tough road ahead of them—I know, because I have been there. The last thing we should do is make them feel guilty if the strain gets to them and they feel strange. . . Quite simply, growing up with gay parents was very difficult, and not because of prejudice from neighbors. People in our community didn’t really know what was going on in the house. To most outside observers, I was a well-raised, high-achieving child, finishing high school with straight A’s. . . ."
The questions we must ask are
"Is parenting by same-sex couples in the best interests of the child?" and "Is the research valid?"
There is a great deal of research that shows that the best environment for raising children is in a home with their biological mother and father who are married. This is not necessarily politically correct, but it is TRUE. A child needs a mother and a father.
A number of research studies show that the studies on same-sex parenting are methodically flawed - small samples, self-selected respondents, respondents providing 'responses', author bias.
Some of these are listed and discussed on this page. Recent studies are added at the top of the page...
April 2015 - Comparison of homosexual parenting studies by MARRI
A brilliant comparison of the data used, and results obtained, by opposing groups in this debate has been prepared by Marriage and Religion Research Institute (MARRI) in Washington DC.
The REPORT compares two amicus briefs submitted to the US Supreme Court in April 2015, as the Court considers several cases relating to whether homosexual 'marriage' is a 'constitutional right'.
The Report by MARRI compares the briefs from the American Sociological Association (ASA), which SUPPORTS homosexual ‘marriage’, and the American College of Pediatricians (ACP) et al., which OPPOSES homosexual ‘marriage’. In addition to other flaws, the report notes that Paul Sullins of MARRI has found that, in the data used by four of the studies used by the ASA, "27 of the 44 couples classified as ‘same-sex’ are actually opposite-sex couples". Of course, this skews the results!
The report concludes: "In conclusion, the ASA positions are disproved by evidence and its criticisms overcome by data, method and logic. The ACP et al. dismantled the entire body of the ASA’s purported “social science consensus”… By contrast the ACP et al. makes strong, supported, and methodologically sound arguments demonstrating that children of same-sex parent families fare significantly worse than children of opposite-sex parent families, in all the measured outcomes.”
Click here to read our blog post with the full report.
Read the Amicus Brief from the American College of Pediatricians – click here – 58 pages.
2013 - Canadian study on same-sex parenting
In September 2013, a study of same-sex parenting in Canada by Dr Douglas Allen, an economics progfessor at Simon Fraser University, British Columbia was published by Review of Economics of the Household, September 2013.
The Abstract is available here. The FULL 24 page Paper is online - click here.
Dr Allen used a 20 % sample of the 2006 Canada census to “identify self-reported children living with same-sex parents” and investigated graduation rates of various family types. He found that, “Children living with gay and lesbian families in 2006 were about 65 % as likely to graduate compared to children living in opposite sex marriage families. Daughters of same-sex parents do considerably worse than sons.”
Dr Mark Regnerus analysed Dr Allen’s study, and writes, “Three key findings stood out to Allen: children of married opposite-sex families have a high graduation rate compared to the others; children of lesbian families have a very low graduation rate compared to the others; and the other four types [common law, gay, single mother, single father] are similar to each other and lie in between the married/lesbian extremes.”
Read our report on this study - click here.
2013 - Australian research on same-sex parenting
UPDATE - JULY 2014: The REPORT has now been published - click here for our article on the study.
This page will be updated soon with the results.
An Australian study of same-sex 'parenting' is currently being conducted by Dr Simon Crouch at the University of Melbourne.
The Study is called ACHESS - Australian Study of Child Health in Same-Sex Families
In mid 2013, an Interim Report was released.
The Interim Report claims that children raised by same-sex families are "developing well" - "On measures of general health and family cohesion children aged 5 to 17 years with same-sex attracted parents showed a significantly better score when compared to Australian children from all backgrounds and family contexts. For all other health measures there were no statistically significant differences."
But how has the study been conducted, and how reliable are the 'results'?
The mainstream media reports did NOT mention that Simon Crouch is openly homosexual, with a male partner and young children. Neither did the ABC's Catalyst program when they ran a segment called 'Rainbow Children'.
As an example of media reporting, the Sydney Morning Herald proclaimed the 'positive' results with a headline "Children of same-sex couples thriving: study".
Another of the authors, Dr Ruth McNair, once ran the Fertility Access Rights Lobby with the Victorian Gay and Lesbian Rights Lobby! She has a son with her lesbian partner (source). Another author, Jennifer Power, is a lesbian with a son and female partner (source).
There is no declaration of a conflict of interest by the researchers.
The study has some of the methodological flaws of similar studies. For instance, regarding the recruitment of participants. . . "Initial recruitment will involve convenience sampling and snowball recruitment techniques that have been successful in other survey-based Australian studies of same-sex attracted populations including the Work, Love, Play Study and the Lesbian and Gay Families Study. This will include advertisements and media releases in gay and lesbian press, flyers at gay and lesbian social and support groups, and investigator attendance at gay and lesbian community events." "Primarily recruitment will be through emails posted on gay and lesbian community email lists aimed at same-sex parenting. This will include, but not be limited to, Gay Dads Australia and the Rainbow Families Council of Victoria..."
The Study then provided a questionnaire to participants - that they could fill out as they chose... hardly an objective measure!
One lesbian activist, Jacqui Tomlins, described her experience of filling out the form - click here.
Details in the 'Study Protocol' - ACHESS – The Australian study of child health in same-sex families: background research, design and methodology
And WHY is Dr Crouch conducting the research?
Homosexual website Pink News reports: "His decision to conduct the study was prompted by politicians on both sides of the equal marriage and adoption debate asserted that children did better when raised by a straight couple." They also reported that Dr Crouch is a homosexual with four-year-old twins.
Stuff in NZ also reported the 'reason' Dr Crouch is doing the research.
Brendan Malone responded, on his blog The Leading Edge, highlighting the methodological flaws, the 'reason for the study', and the fact Simon Crouch is a homosexual.
Article: Are children really better off with gay parents?
So was Dr Crouch 'expecting good results' before he started out?
Dr John J Ray - an atheist and "an author with a large number of published papers in social psychology" - analysed the study. He noted that, even in the early stage of setting up the study, the message in the press release was essentially "Watch out for good news". He points out that it has NOT been peer reviewed and the resutls are being 'announced' before the study has been completed. He notes two further methodological limitations: that 80% were from lesbian families and that there appears to be no control for "social class".
Dr Ray's article: An apparently distorted study of homosexual parenting
The research team had an article published in the Medical Journal of Australia in April 2013 promoting their research: What makes a same-sex parented family?
2012 - Studies by Dr Mark Regnerus and Dr Loren Marks
In June 2012, two studies were published - one showed that children from opposite-sex married families have the best outcome for children when compatred to same-sex families.
A second study analysed all the studies on same-sex parenting and outline the flaws.
Differences in outcome - same-sex parents and intact biological families
The latest research on this issue was published in the Social Science Research journal in June 2012.
Mark Regnerus, from the University of Texas, conducted the research by randomly selecting 3,000 young American adults (18-39) who had been raised by lesbian or homosexual parent/s.
He measured 40 outcomes and found significant differences - the research shows that children do best when raised hy their mother and father - their two biological parents - who are married to each other. For example, on the question of whether they had been touched sexually by a parent or an adult, the response was 23% for those raised by a lesbian mother compared to just 2% for those raised in an intact biological family. On the question of ‘ever forced to have sex against their will’, it was 31% for those with a lesbian mother, and 25% for those raised by a homosexual father, compared to 8% for those raised in an intact biological family. Those raised by homosexual parents had higher rates of drug use, arrest and unemployment.
Some critics have claimed that this could be a question of family instability vs stability, since most children raised by homosexual parents only lived with them for some of their childhood. Dr Regnerus openly notes these factors in his study - but says he provides the data. He reports on the behaviour and the outcomes he found.
Read the full Report: How different are the adult children of parents who have same-sex relationships? Findings from the New Family Structures Study by Dr Mark Regnerus.
Analysis of the claims made by the APA brief of same-sex parenting
A second study in the same journal, in June 2012, by Dr Loren Marks, analysed the previous studies of same-sex parenting and critiqued the claims made by the American Psychological Association (APA) report on homosexual parenting. [APA Report - online or 88 page full Report in pdf]
The APA brief claimed "Not a single study has found children of lesbian or gay parents to be disadvantaged in any significant respect relative to children of heterosexual parents”. Dr Marks examined that assertion and the 59 published studies cited by the APA to support the claim. His conclusion is that "strong assertions, including those made by the APA, were not empirically warranted." He examines the small sample sizes, self-select nature, and bias in the studies. Of particular interest is the fact he notes, that one researcher, lesbian Charlotte Patterson, was the author of the APA report's "summary of research findings". Hardly independent!
Read report: Same-sex parenting and children’s outcomes: A closer examination of the American psychological association’s brief on lesbian and gay parenting
A 4 page OVERVIEW of these two studies has been prepared by Cameron Spink, who co-ordinates our Resistance Thinking website.
Statistically Significant? - Recent Studies Examining Homosexual Parenting
"Children as Trophies"
UK sociologist Patricia Morgan has researched all the studies that have been done on same-sex parenting. She has found that many of the studies are flawed in their research methods and that many of the studies themselves actually show that there are detrimental effects for children brought up in these situations.
Patricia has published all her findings in a book titled "Children as trophies".
See also a review of Children as trophies written by Bill Muehlenberg (Culture Watch)
NEW: Children as Trophies by UK sociologist Patricia Morgan, is now online.
- 162 pages, 519 KB. Click here.
August 2010 - Analysis of NLLFS lesbian parenting study
New Lesbian Parenting Study Makes Claims Unsupported by the Evidence by A Dean Byrd, PhD, MBA,MPH.
Dr Byrd analyses a recent study on lesbian parenting. He begins 'The National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study (NLLFS) published by American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers the following conclusion: "Adolescents who have been reared in lesbian-mother families since birth demonstrate healthy psychological adjustment (p. 28)." '
He writes "However, a cursory review of this study (funded by the Gill Foundation and the Lesbian Health Fund of the Gay, Lesbian Medical Association) demonstrates significant flaws that most first-year graduate students would quickly recognize. Any reasonable observer would easily conclude that the authors overstated their findings and that in this instance, whatever external review process was utilized, was inadequate. Consider the following:..."
He goes on to discuss the flaws, which include self-reporting for the study; not 'typical' people; control group not 'matched' - more 'minorities'; not random (recruited from homosexual venues)."
He also criticises the recent 2010 study by Stacey and Biblarz.
In addition, Dr Byrd refers to the recent research about the negative effect on children who are born through a sperm donation (by Marquardt, Glenn and Clark, titled, "My Daddy's Name is 'Donor': A New Study of Young Adults Conceived Through Sperm Donation."
Dr Trayce Hansen's review of the studies
US psychologist Dr Trayce Hansen has examined the same-sex parenting studies. Her report was published in 2009 in the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists journal. Due to pressure from homosexual activists, all articles opposing same-sex 'marraige were removed from the Association's website! They are all posted on Dr Hansen's own website.
In her review (see full links below) she focuses on the issue of whether a child brought up by homosexual parents is MORE LIKELY to become a homosexual or lesbian themselves.
* The summaries often didn't mention the findings
* Children raised by homosexuals 4-10 times more likely to be homosexual
* Children much more likely to consider same-sex relationships
Dr Hansen - Summary of the review
Pro-Homosexual Researchers Conceal Findings:
Children Raised by Openly Homosexual Parents More Likely to Engage in Homosexuality
By Trayce Hansen, Ph.D.
Dr Hansen's Review:
A Review and Analysis of Research Studies Which Assessed Sexual Preference of Children Raised by Homosexuals
By Trayce Hansen, Ph.D.
World Net Daily has written an article summarising Dr Hansen's findings:
'Gay' family kids 7 times more likely to be homosexual
But report shows researchers concealing information
June 08, 2009 By Bob Unruh © 2009 WorldNetDaily
"No Basis: What the Studies Don't Tell Us about Same-Sex Parenting"
Prof. Steven Nock
Professor Nock is a professor of sociology at the University of Virginia. In his affidavit filed with the Ontario Superior Court in Halpern v. Attorney General, Professor Nock explains the principles of social science research methodology, and then critiques a series of studies which have dealt with the question of same-sex parenting.
Based on his review of the studies, Professor Nock concludes "1) all of the articles I reviewed contained at least one fatal flaw of design or execution; and 2) not a single one of those studies was conducted according to general accepted standards of scientific research."
This summary taken from Marriage Watch.
Click here for his 81 page Statement (pdf).
Homosexual Parenting: Placing Children at Risk
Family Research Council, Issue No.: 238 - by: Timothy J. Dailey, Ph. D.
"A number of studies in recent years have purported to show that children raised in gay and lesbian households fare no worse than those reared in traditional families. Yet much of that research fails to meet acceptable standards for psychological research; it is compromised by methodological flaws and driven by political agendas instead of an objective search for truth. In addition, openly lesbian researchers sometimes conduct research with an interest in portraying homosexual parenting in a positive light. The deficiencies of studies on homosexual parenting include reliance upon an inadequate sample size, lack of random sampling, lack of anonymity of research participants, and self-presentation bias....."
Click here for this article.
"Homosexual Parents: 'Hidden Study' Uncovered!!" Click here.
One of the most thorough studies that analyses the research done on same-sex parenting has been prepared by Robert Lerner, Ph.D., and Althea K. Nagai, Ph.D.
These two, who are professionals in the field of quantitative analysis, analysed 49 of the major studies and prepared a report for the Marriage Law project. The report discusses in detail the research flaws in the studies. Click here to read the 149 page report.
From researchers who are more sympathetic to the homosexual lifestyle:
Some researchers who are sympathetic to the homosexual cause have also found that there are differences - but go on to say they 'don't matter'.
"How Does the Sexual Orientation of Parents Matter?" by Stacey and Biblarz
This is a detailed article published in a respected journal by non-Christians, Judith Stacey and Timothy Biblarz. They find, from a review of the literature, that the studies reveal that there are differences in children raised by homosexuals and lesbians. . .
Published in American Sociological Association Journal ,April 2001.
However they go on to conclude that the differences don't matter and that sexual orientation should be ignored as a factor in 'family rights'!
They say "Thus, while we disagree with those who claim that there are no differences between the children of heterosexual parents and children of lesbigay children, we unequivocally endorse their conclusion that social science research provides no grounds for taking sexual orientation into account in the political distribution of family rights and responsibilities."
Click here to read the 25 page report.
Judith Stacey has since written commenting on the use of this study...
"Conservative activists and journalists immediately seized on our discussion of these differences and began to cite these and our article as evidence in support of their efforts to deny partnership and parenting rights to lesbians and gay men. This is a serious misreading and abuse of our work....In other words, even though we noted some differences, we emphasized that the differences were not deficits. In fact, the studies found no negative effects of lesbian and gay parenting, and a few studies reported some differences that could represent a few advantages of lesbian parenting."
Researchers who make significant findings often don't like conservative groups quoting their research!
January 2010 - New article by Stacey and Biblarz
How Does the Gender of Parents Matter?
Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol 72, February 2010.
"Children Of Homosexual Parents Report Childhood Difficulties"
An article on children of homosexual parents. Click here.
So what are homosexual groups saying?
In 2002 the Australian Gay and Lesbian Rights Lobby (GLRL) released a report titled "Meet the Parents". It was launched at the Sydney mardi gras by Kerryn Phelps, a lesbian who was at that time the President of the Australian Medical Association.
This report, which reviewed some of the studies, maintains that same-sex couples make wonderful parents. This research is being used by homosexual groups to lobby governments around Australia to change the laws to support homosexual adoption and IVF.
On the GLRL website, they have a number of major reports supporting their cause:
Their latest report is titled "And then the Brides Changed Nappies ".
They also have one titled "Adoption".
Click here for this page on their website.
See the Gay and Lesbian Rights Lobby website to see the focus they are placing on the 'parenting' question.
Victorian Law Reform Commission - and homosexual activists...
Outcomes for Children born of Assisted Reproductive Technology in a Diverse Range of Families
By Dr Ruth McNair, Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne (PDF 326KB).
This is a Research Paper summarising the studies and outcomes written by Dr Ruth McNair - done for the Victorian Law Reform Commission during their investigation of Artificial Reproductive Technology and Adoption. [The final report was handed to the Victorian government in April 2007.]
BUT Ruth McNair was co-ordinator of the Fertility Rights Access Group of the Victorian Gay and Lesbian Rights Group - and they were actively lobbying the government to allow IVF for lesbians! She favourably quotes all the pro-homosexual research!
Including the multiple studies by Charlotte Patterson - another lesbian!